EGE – CE INGLES FUNCIONAL 02
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Pregunta 1 de 30
What to get the eight-month-old who has everything?
A lapis lazuli orb decorated with a silver cross of Edward the Confessor, the 11th Century English King who was made a saint, of course. The unusual, and not very child-friendly gift was presented to the Queen by Pope Francis at their first meeting at the Vatican this afternoon. Pope Francis gave the Queen a present for her great-grandson Prince George as she apologised for a delay in meeting him at the Vatican. The Queen, accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, shook hands with the leader of the Catholic Church and said: “Sorry to keep you waiting, we were having lunch with the president”, before heading into a private meeting with the pontiff. The private conversation between the royal couple and the Pope lasted around 17 minutes and was followed by a formal exchange of gifts.
What can be said about the gift?CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 2 de 30
Celebrity chef Nigella Lawson was banned from flying to the US because she confessed to taking illegal drugs, according to a report
The 54-year-old, who is a judge on cookery show The Taste in the US, admitted she had taken cocaine seven times and also to smoking cannabis during a court hearing. Ms Lawson went to Heathrow on Sunday morning to catch a British Airways flight to Los Angeles. The Daily Mail reported that she was thought to have checked-in and cleared security when she was told she would not be allowed on the flight. “She didn’t seem to say much, but she did not look happy. She could not get on the flight so she had to turn around and leave,” a witness told the paper. The US asks people if they have ever been arrested or convicted in relation to illegal drugs. It can decide to prevent entry to the country even if the person involved was never charged.
How did the chef react upon news she wasn’t allowed to board the plane?CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 3 de 30
What Happy People Put In Their Grocery Carts
Bring this shopping list with you to pick up some of the ingredients for a more-content life. Mushrooms are probably the last place you’d think to look for vitamin D, the wonder vitamin (low levels of which, separate studies have shown, are linked to depression, chronic pain, headaches and heart disease). Vitamin D is considered a key nutrient for mental health, and mushrooms, like humans, synthesize vitamin D when they spend time in the sun (more than you’d find even in supplements!). You can now buy mushrooms in the supermarket that have been grown in UV light. Look for varieties like these from Monterey. You may think of chickpeas as a cheap, easy, protein-packed alternative to meat, but they’re also great sources of vitamin B6, one of the B vitamins that is essential to cognitive development and a healthy brain. The reason? B6 helps synthesize neurotransmitters that influence mood, and melatonin, which regulates your internal clock.
Pregunta 4 de 30
People who sweat and slave in extreme workouts in the hope that they will live longer may be unwittingly harming themselves, according to US researchers
Those who do moderate exercise – amounting to two to three hours of running a week – live the longest, while people running a lot, and those who do none at all, both have shorter lifespans, Health Day reported. While scientists are uncertain as to why this is the case, they believe it could be linked to how jogging affects heart health. Researchers from the Cardiovascular Research Institute at the Lehigh Valley Health Network, Pennsylvania, made their findings by studying more than 3,800 male and female runners, with an average age of 46. They also took into account the medication that participants used, and whether they had high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and if they smoked. Almost 70 per cent of the participants said they ran more than 20 miles a week.
What can be said about the research carried out?CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 5 de 30
Bill Clinton has admitted “he wouldn’t be surprised” if aliens visited Earth – he just hopes their appearance would not play out as violently as the invasion in the film Independence Day
The former president of the United States found himself discussing the possibility of extraterrestrial life when he appeared on an episode of Jimmy Kimmel Live on Wednesday evening. Clinton said that shortly after becoming president in 1993 he had the infamous Nevada military facility Area 51 investigated “to make sure there was no alien down there”. He also had papers concerning a reported UFO sighting in Roswell reviewed in time for the 50th anniversary, but did not find any signs of alien life. Clinton even promised host Kimmel that if he had seen signs of extraterrestrial life, he would tell him. “It may be the only way to unite this increasingly divided world of ours … think about all the differences among people of Earth would seem small if we feel threatened by a space invader,” he added.
According to Bill Clinton:CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 6 de 30
Though he already has three kids of his own, Italian soccer player Antonio Floro Flores is hoping to add one more to his brood
The Sassuolo forward recently offered to adopt an infant who was abandoned on a train near Naples, Italy, according to the Los Angeles Times. Floro Flores was apparently struck by the story of how the baby boy was left in a railway car, and contacted authorities to see if he could provide a home for the child, Forza Italian Football reported…..The baby was discovered on March 16 in a bag stashed under a seat on a train that was traveling from Naples to Baiano, Italy’s The Local reports. The newborn boy, estimated to be about 3 or 4 days old when he was abandoned, was transported to a local hospital in the nearby town of Avellino for evaluation. It was there that the “healthy” boy received his name, Francesco, after the pope.
Pregunta 7 de 30
A U.S. soldier with mental health issues shot dead three people and injured at least 16 on Wednesday before shooting himself at an army base in Fort Hood, Texas, the site of another deadly rampage in 2009, U.S. military officials said
The soldier, who was being treated for depression and anxiety, went to two buildings on the base and opened fire before he was confronted by military police, Fort Hood commanding officer Lieutenant General Mark Milley said. The gunman, whose motive remains unknown, then shot himself in the head with a .45-caliber pistol, he said. “At this time there is no indication that this incident is related to terrorism,” Milley told a news conference. The rampage is the third shooting at a military base in the United States in about six months that, along with a series of shootings in public places, such as schools and malls, has sparked a national debate over gun control regulations.
According to the article, the gunman…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 8 de 30
The Greek government has confirmed that banks will be closed all week, after a decision by the European Central Bank not to extend emergency funding.
In a decree, it cited the “extremely urgent” need to protect the financial system due to the lack of liquidity. Cash withdrawals will be limited to €60 (£42; $66) a day for this period, the decree says. Athens is due to make a €1.6bn payment to the IMF on Tuesday – the same day that its current bailout expires. In reaction to the crisis, the London, Paris and Frankfurt stock markets fell sharply in early trading on Monday, following similar falls in Asia.
The order states that…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 9 de 30
The gunman who killed 38 at a beach near the Tunisian city of Sousse had help in carrying out the attack, officials say.
Interior ministry spokesman Mohamed Ali Aroui said authorities were “sure” that Seifeddine Rezgui had had accomplices.The government has announced increased security measures after the attack claimed by Islamic State (IS).
On Sunday the BBC learned that at least 30 of the dead were from the UK, the majority of those killed.UK police say that 16 police officers have been deployed to Tunisia and hundreds more were working on the case in the UK in one of the largest counter-terrorism investigations since the 2005 London bombings.
Pregunta 10 de 30
Taliban militants in Afghanistan have killed at least 11 Afghan soldiers in an ambush in western Herat province, police have told the BBC.
The convoy of pick-up trucks was attacked on Sunday evening in Karukh district of Herat, officials say. Weapons were stolen by the Taliban from the scene of the attack, the Tolo news agency reported. It said that at least six soldiers had been injured. The ambush follows fighting last week in the northern province of Kunduz. The Taliban have increased attacks on the security forces since launching their annual spring offensive in late April, correspondents say.
According to the article…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 11 de 30
The U.S. Army is working on a futuristic “hoverbike” that could carry one to two soldiers up to ten feet off the ground at speeds around 60 miles per hour over land and water.
The Army Research Laboratory signed a contract nine months ago with SURVICE Engineering and Malloy Aeronautics to develop a hoverbike prototype for the Army to test in three to five years.
The two companies will first develop a commercial version of the hoverbike that can carry about 250 pounds and cost about $80,000 before the companies produce a military variant. The Army would like the bike to carry about 400 to 800 pounds to allow soldiers to pack their weapons and equipment on board.
Pregunta 12 de 30
The top suspect in the beheading of a businessman that French authorities are calling a terrorist attack took a “selfie” photo with the slain victim and sent the image via WhatsApp to a Canadian mobile phone number, officials said Saturday.
French investigators were working to determine the recipient’s identity, but weren’t able to immediately confirm media reports that it was an unspecified person now in Syria, where the radical Islamic State group has seized territory, the security officials said.
The revelation added a macabre twist to an investigation that has not turned up a solid link to radical or foreign groups, but has revived concerns about terrorism in France less than six months after deadly attacks in the Paris area.
The main suspect…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 13 de 30
Mira Zaslove wrote that people who get rich are always both persuasive and credible. “One of the best ways to get other people to do what you want them to? […] Use the word ‘because.’”
If you want to be rich “be specific in your assertions — many people will let you get ahead if you just ask,” she advised. Then say “that magic word ‘because” and more people are likely to say yes, she wrote, because people want a reason for doing what they are doing, which means “persuasive people are able to jump ahead and get rich.”
According to Zaslove…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 14 de 30
Iraq’s Defence Ministry says the body of a pilot whose military plane crashed during a training mission in the United States has been found at the crash site.
Friday’s ministry statement says search teams found the body of Brig. Gen. Rafid Mohammed Hassan at the crash site in southern Arizona.
He was the only person aboard when the F-16 Fighting Falcon plane went down during a Wednesday night training mission with the Arizona Air National Guard’s 162nd Wing.
The crash site was 8 kilometres (5 miles) east of Douglas Municipal Airport, southeast of Tucson.
According to the article…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 15 de 30
Second New York State prison escapee David Sweat is in custody after being shot by police, US officials report.
Convicted murderer Sweat, 35, was shot twice and captured less than two miles (3km) from the Canadian border. His prison-break partner Richard Matt, 49, was killed by police on Friday. The two murderers escaped three weeks ago from the maximum security Clinton Correctional Facility in Dannemora through the sewer system after using power tools to break out of their cell.
The spectacular escape set off a massive manhunt.
Sweat was shot and seized in the town of Constable on Sunday, New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo told a news conference.
Pregunta 16 de 30
A few people already are making the difficult decision to leave this country, in part because of the frequency of floods and the threat of climate change; and I found some of them seeking refuge in the most unexpected of places.
In the nine days I spent in Majuro, the crescent-shaped capital of the Marshall Islands, I learned there is nowhere on these islands to escape the floods. People, I was told, seek shelter on the second stories of buildings, or by climbing up the trunks of coconut trees. The only “hill” to speak of in Majuro is a bridge that’s built over an inlet.
The Marshall Islands…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 17 de 30
Australian Islamic State (IS) militant Khaled Sharrouf may still be alive, according to local media.
The Australian government had been trying to confirm reports Sharrouf and fellow Australian Mohamed Elomar were killed in the Middle East. It is now believed Elomar died in an air strike, but convicted terrorist Sharrouf may have survived.
The two men came to public attention last year after they posted pictures of severed heads in Syria on social media.
Some of those photos showed Sharrouf’s seven-year-old son holding up the severed head of a Syrian soldier.
Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said last week the government was close to verifying Elomar’s death.
The Australian government…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 18 de 30
When Jean Eloi spoke English at work, words like “probably” often sounded more like “pwabably” and the-51-year-old’s accented speech was too fast for his colleagues to keep up. So when his manager gently suggested an accent-reduction course to help him express himself more fluently leading meetings he jumped at the chance.Eloi, a native Creole speaker and project manager at a biotech firm has lived in the US for more than 32 years but says he wasn’t offended by the suggestion and instead appreciated the offer of some help.
Accent reduction, sometimes called accent softening, is controversial and being singled-out over the way you speak can be upsetting to employees. And managers risk deeply offending team members if they pick on one person over the way they speak, in particular if that employee is often working in multiple languages or their English pronunciation has little to do with their capability to do their job.
Pregunta 19 de 30
We all have a narrative of ourselves that we offer up to strangers and acquaintances, but Dr. Aron’s questions make it impossible to rely on that narrative. Ours was the kind of accelerated intimacy I remembered from summer camp, staying up all night with a new friend, exchanging the details of our short lives. At 13, away from home for the first time, it felt natural to get to know someone quickly. But rarely does adult life present us with such circumstances.
Much of Dr. Aron’s research focuses on creating interpersonal closeness. In particular, several studies investigate the ways we incorporate others into our sense of self. It’s easy to see how the questions encourage what they call “self-expansion.” Saying things like, “I like your voice, your taste in beer, the way all your friends seem to admire you,” makes certain positive qualities belonging to one person explicitly valuable to the other.
New York Times
According to the article, we…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 20 de 30
Leader of al Qaeda
Much attention is being devoted to analyzing the significance of the death of Nasir al-Wuhayshi, the leader of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and the No. 2 leader for al Qaeda globally, in a reported U.S. drone strike last week.
After all, he was the organization’s second-ranking leader and headed the al Qaeda affiliate that has been consistently portrayed as the one that poses the greatest threat to the United States — even more dangerous than ISIS, the breakaway al Qaeda affiliate and center of media focus, according to former CIA Deputy Director Michael Morell.
Al-Wuhayshi had the personal history to back up his claim as leader of the most threatening terrorist group. He was Osama bin Laden’s personal secretary and body guard and was with the core al Qaeda leadership as it fled Afghanistan. He spent time in a Yemeni prison before escaping and becoming the leader of the newly formed AQAP.
Pregunta 21 de 30
That respect could lapse, however, if the company is ever sold or goes bankrupt. At that point, according to a clause several screens deep in the policy, the host of details that Hulu can gather about subscribers — names, birth dates, email addresses, videos watched, device locations and more — could be transferred to “one or more third parties as part of the transaction.” The policy does not promise to contact users if their data changes hands.
Of the 99 sites with English-language terms of service or privacy policies, 85 said they might transfer users’ information if a merger, acquisition, bankruptcy, asset sale or other transaction occurred, The Times’s analysis found. The sites with these provisions include prominent consumer technology companies like Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google and LinkedIn, in addition to Hulu.
What can be said about Hulu’s policy?CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 22 de 30
Returned from a trip
A colleague recently returned from a trip to Europe with that unmistakable just-back-from-vacation glow. Striving to hold on to it for as long as possible, she deployed various strategies including placing her used boarding passes front and center on her desk, and leaving receipts from the TV Tower in Berlin and the Eiffel Tower in Paris on a bedroom chest of drawers that she passes each morning.
It just surrounds me,” she said of the strategic placement of her vacation mementos. “It sustains that warm vibe.”
Wearing clothes acquired on vacation also helps, she said, especially if you first wore that new dress to a jazz club.
“It brings back the memories,” she said, “because you’re wearing the memories.”
A number of studies suggest that much pleasure can be derived from actively anticipating a vacation: looking at photos of the places you plan to visit, reading about the culture, making dinner reservations, or simply imagining yourself enjoying your time there.
Maintaining pleasure after a great vacation is more challenging.
What does “glow” refer to in the text?CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 23 de 30
The death toll in the Tuesday crash of a military transport plane in Medan, Indonesia, has risen to 70, according to an Indonesian Red Cross official.
Earlier, Air Marshal Agus Supriatna told reporters that at least 49 bodies had been recovered. Twenty-three of the bodies had been identified, he said.
Supriatna said the C-130 Hercules took off from Jakarta’s Halim Perdanakusuma Airport on Tuesday with about 113 people on board, but it’s not clear how many people were on the plane when it crashed. It made two stops along the way — in Pekanbaru and Dumai.
Smoke rose among scorched buildings in Medan after the plane crashed near a residential neighborhood.
Maj. Gen. Fuad Basya, an Indonesian military spokesman, said the aircraft went down with 12 military personnel on board shortly after taking off from a base in Medan, the capital of North Sumatra province.
According to the report…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 24 de 30
Alcohol Sales in India
It was the classic shot-chaser combination. First India’s Supreme Court upheld a recent decision barring retail sales of alcohol within 500m of a state or national highway. Then it extended the ruling to hotels, restaurants, bars and pubs. Employing the indisputable logic of bar arguments, the judgment is aimed at curbing drunk-driving. However it will also hit a third of India’s booze shops, affecting 1m jobs and annual sales of about $10bn. But wily Indian entrepreneurs are already devising ways around the ban. India’s sober stance on liquor is enshrined in the constitution, which encourages prohibition. But prohibition is gaining followers: Bihar, where a third of the population is wretchedly poor, went dry last year. Two more states have similar plans. And all states, whether dry or swimming in the stuff, impose heavy tariffs on imported plonk, and demand mountains of paperwork to issue liquor licenses and other approvals.
The new ban introduced in India…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 25 de 30
A No vote and messy euro exit
This scenario would herald a long period of uncertainty and crisis, ending with Greece departing the eurozone and bringing back its own national currency, presumably with the same name as the old one, the drachma.
This would be a very messy series of events. It would probably involve the European Central Bank deciding to pull the plug on all or most lending to the Greek banks on the grounds that it considered them insolvent.
In the run-up to that it is likely there would be a considerable period of restrictions on access to and use of bank accounts – more of what started this week. It would be very disruptive for the Greek economy, which is already back in recession. The government would decide to start supplying national currency – electronic and hard cash – to get the banking system up and running. What would happen to the restored drachma? The general assumption is it would lose value.
Pregunta 26 de 30
For those who cannot exercise, it could be the answer: rather than spending hours in the gym, the benefits of fitness training could be delivered in a tablet. The prospect of an “exercise pill” might be music to the ears of couch potatoes, long-distance truck drivers and stressed-out office workers, but researchers believe it could transform the lives of people who are unable to exercise because of obesity or serious physical disabilities. Hopes for such a pill emerged on Tuesday from scientists who found that an experimental drug allowed mice to run on a treadmill for 270 minutes before exhaustion set in. Mice that went without the drug lasted only 160 minutes before reaching their physical limit. The endurance boost was accompanied by other apparent health benefits, scientists found, leading mice who had the drug for eight weeks to put on less weight and better control their blood sugar levels, suggesting a pill might also help people with diabetes.
The Exercise Pill could be a perfect solution for…CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 27 de 30
Volunteer for Science
Every year, thousands of individuals contribute their time and energy to Society for Science & the Public education programs — as judges, interpreters, and event volunteers. Volunteers help each year in their own neighborhood at Society-affiliated fairs around the U.S. and the world. We encourage interested individuals to seek out the science fair located in your region, state, territory, and/or country and volunteer your support and expertise to foster the development of young scientists and engineers around the world.
What is the purpose of this text?CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 28 de 30
Mallaig is on a picturesque promontory looking over the sea to Skye. The wild catch at Mallaig quayside is now langoustine, scallops and lobster. Many of the shellfish are bound for markets in Spain and France, trucked live and swiftly for premium prices. The biggest fish business in the west Highlands is the farming of Atlantic salmon. From the fishing boat they are vacuumed through a pipe into the ice house, slaughtered, packed and driven along the winding road through the Lochaber region to a processing plant at Fort William. They are gutted and despatched to markets around the world. It is 25 years since Scottish salmon became the first non-French food to win the Label Rouge designation. Based on taste and appearance, that has been a valuable asset in France, the biggest European market for salmon, and an important calling card in other countries.
Pregunta 29 de 30
A UNESCO advisory body has notified the Japanese government of its intention to grant a World Heritage status to its sacred island for men-only despite monks’ opposition. The island of Okinoshima hosts the Munakata Taisha Okitsumiya shrine known for honouring the goddess of the sea. In ancient times the goddess was believed to be a guardian of fishermen and sailors. Historically the island was place for numerous rituals and more than 80,000 artifacts have been discovered in its ground, according to Japan Times.
However, the island is bound by strict ancestral rules that include a ban on women, a requirement to strip for a cleansing ritual, no disclosure of the trip’s details, and no right to take anything on the island off shore. If granted the UNESCO status, the island is likely to become a tourist attraction what will complicate its regulation. “Those are issues that will have to be dealt with if the listing goes ahead,” the Asahi Shimbun news agency told BBC.
Why do Japanese monks oppose the decision of UNESCO?CorrectoIncorrecto
Pregunta 30 de 30
A disqualified driver who hit and killed an Adelaide father in front of his two young children has been jailed for three and a half years. Christopher Woods, 27, admitted killing James Bowrage, 45, while speeding as Mr Bowrage was crossing a northern suburbs road with his children in August 2015. Woods pleaded guilty to causing death by dangerous driving and also to leaving the scene of the accident, with the car he was driving found torched just hours after the crash.
Nine News Australia
What did the driver do after the accident?CorrectoIncorrecto