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The Faroe Islands
There are now more than 300 women from Thailand and Philippines living in the Faroes. It doesn’t sound like a lot, but in a population of just 50,000 people they now make up the largest ethnic minority in these 18 islands. In recent years the Faroes have experienced population decline, young people leaving, often in search of education. Women have proved more likely to settle abroad. As a result, the Faroes have 2,000 fewer women than men.
The habitants of Faroe Islands:CorrectoIncorrecto
Travel and Holidays
The majority of our tours involve a certain amount of walking, including a short walk from the coach stop to the town, attraction or venue you’re visiting. If you are bringing a wheelchair, please let us know at the time of booking so that appropriate arrangements can be made. The nature of the terrain on this tour means that those with walking difficulties may find parts of the tour difficult.
Get West London
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Researchers looked at the displays in female fashion shops in two UK cities.They concluded that if people were the same size as the mannequins they would be «considered medically unhealthy». Some fashion retailers have announced in recent years that they are starting to use bigger mannequins but when this research was carried out in 2015, none were spotted.
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A disqualified driver who hit and killed an Adelaide father in front of his two young children has been jailed for three and a half years. Christopher Woods, 27, admitted killing James Bowrage, 45, while speeding as Mr Bowrage was crossing a northern suburbs road with his children in August 2015. Woods pleaded guilty to causing death by dangerous driving and also to leaving the scene of the accident, with the car he was driving found torched just hours after the crash.
Nine News Australia
What did the driver do after the accident?CorrectoIncorrecto
Thousands of passengers who had anticipated payouts of up to €600 (£510) for flight delays caused by bird strikes have been told they have no right to compensation. The latest flight-delay verdict from the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has ruled that «a collision between an aircraft and a bird is an extraordinary circumstance». Therefore airlines can reject claims for compensation from passengers delayed by three hours or more by a bird strike.
Passengers whose flights have been delayed by birds:CorrectoIncorrecto
China’s war against air pollution is part of a broader reckoning with the health and environmental catastrophe wrought by rapid industrialization over the past few decades. The public outcry over pollution offers the central government political cover for painful decisions it needs to make, for reasons having nothing to do with the environment. Overcapacity in the steel, cement, glass, and power sectors, fueled by dangerously high levels of debt, is widely considered an economic time bomb that leaders know they must defuse.
China’s new approach to pollution…CorrectoIncorrecto
New MUJI Design
Japanese minimalist home products brand MUJI is encouraging its customers to embrace nature by selling compact wooden huts. Big enough for three or four people to relax in, the hut is made from Japanese wood with a burned hardwood cladding and large window. The hut is priced at ¥ 3,000,000 (around £20,000) and will be available from autumn 2017. This price of course excludes any planning permission that may be necessary to erect the building.
What is special about this MUJI design?CorrectoIncorrecto
Volunteer for Science
Every year, thousands of individuals contribute their time and energy to Society for Science & the Public education programs — as judges, interpreters, and event volunteers. Volunteers help each year in their own neighborhood at Society-affiliated fairs around the U.S. and the world. We encourage interested individuals to seek out the science fair located in your region, state, territory, and/or country and volunteer your support and expertise to foster the development of young scientists and engineers around the world.
What is the purpose of this text?CorrectoIncorrecto
New Product on the Market
Blumond is a combination of prosecco, peach, and blue curacao (so it’s essentially a sparkling cocktail in a bottle), meaning you get a sweet, fruity flavour in addition to the exciting blue hue. Blumond will likely come to the UK to be tried out on us instead. The company that owns the blue concoction, Fratelli Sarecini, are already in talks to start selling the booze for weddings and special occasions, as well as selling it in Harrods.
What is Blumond?CorrectoIncorrecto
Recent guidance from the United Nations has highlighted the environmental benefits of reduced meat consumption. For example, livestock are estimated to be responsible for 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization. «The UK is a world leader» in veganism, Perkins said, adding that it was the first country to have a Vegan Society. That ideology arose from concerns over animal welfare, followed by the environment, meaning people did not necessarily seek meat-like replacements.
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Larvae and small marine invertebrates can pass through some predators unharmed. But larger prey items are likely to be chewed to death as soon as they enter an animal’s jaws. Even if they somehow dodge this fate, travelling down the predator’s throat in one piece can be a tight squeeze. And there are bigger problems ahead. Most prey would not be able to survive exposure to the harsh gastric acids that break down tissue in a predator’s stomach. Coping with the lack of available oxygen deep in the digestive system is another challenge. For prey swallowed by a toad or a bird, however, chances of survival might be a little higher. These animals often push food to the back of their throat before swallowing it, which may boost the odds of safe entry into the digestive system.
How are larvae different from larger prey?CorrectoIncorrecto
For those who cannot exercise, it could be the answer: rather than spending hours in the gym, the benefits of fitness training could be delivered in a tablet. The prospect of an “exercise pill” might be music to the ears of couch potatoes, long-distance truck drivers and stressed-out office workers, but researchers believe it could transform the lives of people who are unable to exercise because of obesity or serious physical disabilities. Hopes for such a pill emerged on Tuesday from scientists who found that an experimental drug allowed mice to run on a treadmill for 270 minutes before exhaustion set in. Mice that went without the drug lasted only 160 minutes before reaching their physical limit. The endurance boost was accompanied by other apparent health benefits, scientists found, leading mice who had the drug for eight weeks to put on less weight and better control their blood sugar levels, suggesting a pill might also help people with diabetes.
The Exercise Pill could be a perfect solution for…CorrectoIncorrecto
In Britain after the so-called Brexit vote, the power of the tabloids is evident. Their circulations may be falling and their reputations tarnished by a series of phone-hacking scandals. But as the country prepares to cut ties with the European Union after a noisy and sometimes nasty campaign, top politicians court the tabloids and fear their wrath. Broadcasters follow where they lead, if not in tone then in topic. Their readers, many of them over 50, working class and outside London, look strikingly like the voters who were crucial to the outcome of last year’s referendum on membership in the European Union. It is these citizens of Brexitland the tabloids purport to represent from the heart of enemy territory: Housed in palatial dwellings in some of London’s most expensive neighborhoods, they see themselves as Middle England’s embassies in London.
New York Times
What is true about British tabloids?CorrectoIncorrecto
A number of issues with how we use smartphones need to be addressed. First, the things literally can kill you. I’m not talking about their catching fire, though clearly that has been a big issue. I’m talking about the fact that people want to use these things while walking and driving. This practice often ends very badly. One of the scariest things on the road right now is looking in your rear-view mirror when you’ve stopped at a light, and seeing the driver of the car coming up behind you looking at a phone. You just pray the driver looks up before a motor lands in your back. It is pretty clear that for folks who are attention span-challenged — or those driving, walking or bike riding on the same roads with them — that smartphones are still killers. If we want to save lives, we need to rethink how device can be used more safely.
Tech News World
What does the text says is the biggest danger of smartphones?CorrectoIncorrecto
Ethics lawyers and historians have argued that President of the US has blurred the line between his public office and private business interests in an unprecedented fashion. In another sense, it’s part of a much larger social trend. Commercial entreaties – whether in the form of magazine ads, radio jingles or television spots – have long been a part of modern life. But advertising is now encroaching on public space as never before. Cities and states now grant businesses the right to put their names and logos on parking meters, bridges, fire hydrants – even lifeguard swimsuits. Public parks intended to offer a respite from the travails of daily life now allow retailers to advertise amidst historical sites and nature preserves. School boards ink deals with all sorts of businesses to help them meet their budgetary needs. Some might shrug, calling the ad creep an inevitable part of modern life.
The Huffington Post
What change has the American President introduced?CorrectoIncorrecto
The UK Car Industry
Britain’s carmakers have warned that they do not believe a trade deal with the EU will be struck within the next two years and are “sitting on their hands” rather than investing in the UK. The imposition of either World Trade Organisation tariffs of 10% on passenger cars and up to 22% on commercial vehicles, or non-tariff barriers such as customs controls, would be devastating for a sector that relies heavily on the swift, free movement of parts and finished cars. Any change could lead to prices rising for consumers. More than half of all the cars and 90% of commercial vehicles built in the UK last year were bought by customers in Europe. The EU accounts for more than 80% of the UK’s motor vehicle imports. In 2016, 35.7m autoparts and components moved between the UK and the rest of the EU, in what is one of the most highly integrated sectors.
What impact is Brexit having on the British car industry?CorrectoIncorrecto
Changing Clothes Market
100 billion garments are manufactured every year. Fast fashion companies like H&M, Zara, Primark and Uniqlo have helped double worldwide clothing production in the last 15 years. New collections hit stores every week. We’re wearing clothes for half the time we used to and throw them away much faster, adding to the billions of waste clothes that already rot in landfills.
The consequence: we don’t value our clothes anymore. As prices plummet, more of us can afford to buy new clothes without a second thought. Even though many people admit that they already own too much, we also confess that we keep buying new clothes, according to surveys conducted in Europe and Asia. Clothes shopping is no longer something that we really need to do. Instead, it’s a way we deal with stress, gain confidence and find self worth, connection and happiness — however short-lived. This is the dangerous addiction of fast-fashion.
According to the text, why is the clothes industry changing?CorrectoIncorrecto
In August, the United States will experience its first coast-to-coast total solar eclipse in nearly a century. Over the course of an hour and a half, the moon’s narrow shadow will slice across 12 states, from Oregon to South Carolina. As many as 200 million people are expected to travel to spots where they can view the spectacle, in what could become one of the most watched eclipses in history. Excitement is building, hence the flurry of new books about the science, history and cultural significance of what is arguably one of Earth’s most awesome celestial phenomena. Total solar eclipses happen when the moon passes in front of the sun as seen from Earth, and the moon blocks the entire face of the sun. This event also blocks sunlight that would otherwise scatter off the molecules in our atmosphere, reducing a source of glare and so allowing an unfettered view of the sun’s outer atmosphere, or corona.
What is so special about the next solar eclipse?CorrectoIncorrecto
Three-dimensional printing is becoming more prevalent in the defense industry, as engineers explore the process to make parts for the most sophisticated U.S. weapons, such as intercontinental ballistic missiles. But lesser-known projects have been in the works at a Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma, shop that has been producing parts for Air Force aircraft for at least two years. The in-house 3-D process is much faster than going back and forth with outside suppliers for parts. “Once you get the geometry, you can print it overnight and have it the next day,” said REACT engineer Nathan Pitters. To identify the geometry of the part and print it takes at most two days, officials explained.“With diminishing sources of supply, the benefit for us is the flexibility and the ability to respond to a war fighter need,” added Rick Barlow, director of engineering for the CMXG. The benefit is speed.
What is the purpose of this text?CorrectoIncorrecto
Alcohol Sales in India
It was the classic shot-chaser combination. First India’s Supreme Court upheld a recent decision barring retail sales of alcohol within 500m of a state or national highway. Then it extended the ruling to hotels, restaurants, bars and pubs. Employing the indisputable logic of bar arguments, the judgment is aimed at curbing drunk-driving. However it will also hit a third of India’s booze shops, affecting 1m jobs and annual sales of about $10bn. But wily Indian entrepreneurs are already devising ways around the ban. India’s sober stance on liquor is enshrined in the constitution, which encourages prohibition. But prohibition is gaining followers: Bihar, where a third of the population is wretchedly poor, went dry last year. Two more states have similar plans. And all states, whether dry or swimming in the stuff, impose heavy tariffs on imported plonk, and demand mountains of paperwork to issue liquor licenses and other approvals.
The new ban introduced in India…CorrectoIncorrecto
Mallaig is on a picturesque promontory looking over the sea to Skye. The wild catch at Mallaig quayside is now langoustine, scallops and lobster. Many of the shellfish are bound for markets in Spain and France, trucked live and swiftly for premium prices. The biggest fish business in the west Highlands is the farming of Atlantic salmon. From the fishing boat they are vacuumed through a pipe into the ice house, slaughtered, packed and driven along the winding road through the Lochaber region to a processing plant at Fort William. They are gutted and despatched to markets around the world. It is 25 years since Scottish salmon became the first non-French food to win the Label Rouge designation. Based on taste and appearance, that has been a valuable asset in France, the biggest European market for salmon, and an important calling card in other countries.
A South Korean court gave a U.S. soldier a suspended five-year prison sentence for smuggling just over 9 pounds of methamphetamine. Another soldier was acquitted in the case. A panel of three judges in Uijeongbu found Wednesday that Graham Grunt, a 2nd Infantry Division soldier based at Camp Stanley, agreed to receive the package on behalf of a South Korean man. Prosecutors accused Grunt of arranging for the shipment to be sent to a fellow soldier’s Army Post Office address. Graham was sentenced to three years in prison with five years suspended, meaning he won’t have to go to jail as long as he does nothing wrong within that period. The judges said the fact that the methamphetamine never made it into circulation and Graham’s limited role in providing access to the APO box were mitigating factors. They also cited Graham’s lack of criminal history and military service in deciding not to give him prison time.
Which sentence is NOT true about Graham Grunt?CorrectoIncorrecto
A $4m plan to move 80 rhinos from South Africa to Australia is inept, patronising, a waste of scarce resources that contributes nothing to conservation, and betrays an outdated neocolonial mindset, writes Matt Hayward. The money should be spent on successful but underfunded community-based rhino conservation initiatives in Africa that benefit entire ecosystems. Rhinos are one of the most iconic symbols of the African savanna: grey behemoths with armour plating and fearsome horns. And yet it is the horns that are leading to their demise. Poaching is so prolific that zoos cannot even protect. Some people believe rhino horns can cure several ailments; others see horns as status symbols. Given horns are made of keratin, this is really about as effective as chewing your finger nails. Nonetheless, a massive increase in poaching over the past decade has led to rapid declines in some rhino species, and solutions are urgently needed.
What does the author NOT mention?CorrectoIncorrecto
While most beers are vegan-friendly, a lot of wines aren’t. Young wines tend to be quite cloudy due to tiny molecules floating around. We like our wines bright and clear, so they go through a process called ‘fining’. Normally if they’re left long enough, wines self-fine but when you’re producing gallons and gallons of the stuff, time is of the essence and producers use ‘fining agents’ to move things along. Those act like magnets – attracting the molecules around them so that they’re more easily removed. And they’re traditionally made out of animal products like casein (a milk protein), albumin (egg whites), gelatin (animal protein) or isinglass (fish bladder protein).However, more and more winemakers are adopting vegan-friendly practices by using clay-based fining agents like bentonite and activated charcoal. But there is an easier way to spot a vegan wine. All you have to do is look out for the words ‘unfined’ or ‘unfiltered’ on the wine label and you’ll know that it doesn’t contain any animal products.
Which is mentioned in the text?CorrectoIncorrecto
About 1.75 million years ago, an early form of human made a stunning technological breakthrough, ushering in the prehistoric equivalent of the Industrial Revolution and possibly the evolution of the species into Homo sapiens. After 800,000 years of using pebbles and simple flakes of stone as tools, some bright hominins discovered how to make more complicated ‘hand-axes’ and the new invention quickly spread across the world, from southern Africa to Europe and China. Now scientists have discovered, using a process known as ‘neuroarchaeology’, that they probably did so using the same areas of the brain that are used to play the piano today. And that, the researchers said, is thought to have marked “a turning point in the evolution of the human brain”.It is not thought that early humans were able to speak language as we do, although they would have had communication skills that allowed them to hunt effectively in packs with their deadly stone axes.
What do we learn about early humans from this text?CorrectoIncorrecto
For people who want to control their weight or reduce their intakes of sugar, sodium and saturated fat, tap water may be what the doctor ordered. A new study that examined the dietary habits of more than 18,300 U.S. adults found the majority of people who increased their consumption of plain water — tap water or from a cooler, drinking fountain or bottle — by 1 percent reduced their total daily calorie intake as well as their consumption of saturated fat, sugar, sodium and cholesterol. People who increased their consumption of water by one, two or three cups daily decreased their total energy intake by 68 to 205 calories daily and their sodium intake by 78 to 235 milligrams, according to a paper by University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Ruopeng An. They also consumed 5 grams to nearly 18 grams less sugar and decreased their cholesterol consumption by 7 to 21 milligrams daily.
What is the latest finding about water?CorrectoIncorrecto
Tired of using a regular fork – or, let’s be honest, your hands – to swipe up all that juicy condiment carnage with your fries? McDonald’s Frork is the latest fast food product designed to garner fast laughs. As with Burger King France’s Whopper-flavoured toothpaste, it’s unclear whether or not the Frork is real. McDonald’s is apparently unleashing the Frork on the U.S. for a limited time, and announced the product with a tongue-in-cheek infomercial starring English pitchman Anthony Sullivan “While the Frork is supremely superfluous, it shows that McDonald’s is willing to do whatever it takes to help (our customers) enjoy every last bite,” McDonald’s chef Michael Haracz said in a statement. The silicone fry-fork hybrid is tied to the release of three new sandwiches that will be available at McDonald’s U.S. restaurants: Maple Bacon Dijon, Pico Guacamole and Sweet BBQ Bacon. On May 5, a limited supply of Frorks will be given away with the purchase of one of the new sandwich offerings.
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Scientists have discovered that reservoir islands created by large dams across the world do not maintain the same levels of animal and plant life found prior to flooding. Despite being hailed as conservation sanctuaries that protect species from hunting and deforestation, islands undergo sustained loss of species year on year after dam construction, a pattern otherwise known as ‘extinction debt’. These findings represent a significant environmental impact that is currently missing from assessment procedures for proposed new dams. Isabel Jones, PhD researcher at the University and Lead Author, said: «We found a devastating reduction in species over time in the majority of reservoir islands we studied. On average, islands have 35 per cent fewer species than nearby mainland sites, however one South American bird community suffered as much as 87 per cent loss of species on reservoir islands.
What is true about hydroelectric dams?CorrectoIncorrecto
A UNESCO advisory body has notified the Japanese government of its intention to grant a World Heritage status to its sacred island for men-only despite monks’ opposition. The island of Okinoshima hosts the Munakata Taisha Okitsumiya shrine known for honouring the goddess of the sea. In ancient times the goddess was believed to be a guardian of fishermen and sailors. Historically the island was place for numerous rituals and more than 80,000 artifacts have been discovered in its ground, according to Japan Times.
However, the island is bound by strict ancestral rules that include a ban on women, a requirement to strip for a cleansing ritual, no disclosure of the trip’s details, and no right to take anything on the island off shore. If granted the UNESCO status, the island is likely to become a tourist attraction what will complicate its regulation. “Those are issues that will have to be dealt with if the listing goes ahead,” the Asahi Shimbun news agency told BBC.
Why do Japanese monks oppose the decision of UNESCO?CorrectoIncorrecto
WW II Bomb
About 50,000 people in Hannover have been evacuated from their homes while experts defuse three British bombs dating from World War Two. The operation is the second largest of its kind carried out in Germany, and has affected around a tenth of the city’s population. Local news outlet Hannoversche Allgemeine reported on Sunday afternoon that two unexploded bombs had been defused, and a third – which was severely damaged – might have to be made safe using a specialised cutting machine. Two other suspected bombs had turned out to be harmless scrap metal, it said. Bomb disposal experts had initially checked as many as 13 suspicious objects, but only five were found to merit further attention – two on a building site at the city’s Wedelstaße, and three others nearby. The city has set up a programme of museum tours, children’s films and sporting events to help evacuees spend the day as pleasantly as possible.
According to the article…CorrectoIncorrecto