B2 Lesson 1.1 | Audio Lesson

Grammar

Present simple

Presents Simple

Positive

Negative

Negative contractions

I play

I do not play

I don’t play

you play

you do not play

you don’t play

she plays

he plays

it plays

she does not play

he does not play

it does not play

she doesn’t play

he doesn’t play

it doesn’t play

we play

we do not play

we don’t play

they play

they do not play

they don’t play

 

 

Present Simple

Questions

Short answer positive

Short answer negative

Do I play?

Yes, I do.

No, I don’t.

Do you play?

Yes, you do.

No, you don’t.

Does she play?

Does he play?

Does it play?

Yes, she does.

Yes, he does.

Yes, it does.

No, she doesn’t.

No, he doesn’t.

No, it doesn’t.

Do we play?

Yes, we do.

No, we don’t

Do you play?

Yes, you do.

No, you don’t.

Do they play?

Yes they do.

No, they don’t.

 

Present simple is used:

  1. When something is generally or always true.

The Sun rises in the East and sets in the West.

Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system.

 

  1.  For habits or things that we do regularly.

I play basketball every Saturday.

I go fishing with my Dad every weekend.

Lily takes ballet classes twice a week.

 

  1. To talk about the future when we are discussing a timetable or a fixed plan.

The film starts at nine tomorrow.

She has her driving test next week.

The train leaves at 8:00 from platform 2

 

Present Continuous – present simple of ‘be’ + verb-ing

 

Present Continuous

Positive

Positive contractions

I am playing

I’m playing

you are playing

you’re playing

she is playing

he is playing

it is playing

she’s playing

he’s playing

it’s playing

we are playing

we’re playing

they are playing

they’re playing

 

 

Present Continuous

Negative

Negative contraction 1

Negative contraction 2

I am not playing

I’m not playing

you are not playing

you’re not playing

you aren’t playing

she is not playing

he is not playing

it is not playing

she’s not playing

he’s not playing

it’s not playing

she isn’t playing

he isn’t playing

it isn’t playing

we are not playing we’re not playing

we aren’t playing

they are not playing they’re not playing

they aren’t playing

 

 

Present Continuous

Questions

Negative

Negative contractions

Am I playing?

Yes, I am.

No, I’m not.

Are you playing?

Yes, you are.

No, you’re not.

Is she playing?

Is he playing?

Is it playing?

Yes, she is.

Yes, he is.

Yes, it is.

No, she’s not.

No, he’s not.

No, it’s not.

Are we playing?

Yes, we are.

No, we’re not.

Are you playing?

Yes, you are.

No, you’re not.

Are they playing?

Yes they are.

No, they’re not.

 

Present Continuous is used:

  1. For things that are happening at the moment of speaking

Sophie’s taking shower now.

Sue’s talking on the phone at the moment.

I can’t talk right now, I’m driving.

 

  1. For other kinds of temporary situations, even if the action isn’t happening at this moment

I’m currently reading a really interesting book about World War II .

I’m temporarily living with my aunt until I find a nice apartment to rent.

Josh is working in London this month. He will return next month.

 

  1. For definite future arrangements and plans when you are sure that the event will happen in the future.

We’re going to the beach next weekend.

We are throwing a house warming party next Saturday.

We are going to the movies tomorrow.

 

Verb conjugations

These are the conjugations of the new verbs we cover in this lesson.

 

Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

bend

bent

bent

break

broke

broken

burn

burnt / burned

burnt / burned

challenge

challenged

challenged

cheer

cheered

cheered

coach

coached

coached

fight

fought

fought

give up

gave up

given up

grip

gripped

gripped

hold

held

held

keep

kept

kept

knock

knocked

knocked

set

set

set

splash

splashed

splashed

time

timed

timed

 

 

Vocabulary

Sport

  • Nouns

Medal

Spectator

Gambling

Run

Track

Target

Dive

Dive

Swing

Marathon

Hunting

Martial art

Arrow

 

 

Coaching Lap Grip
Set Try Determination
Bravery Nerves Ease
Pride Capacity Highlight
Platform  

 

 

 

  • Adjectives

Athletic Competitive Gymnastic

 

 

 

  • Verbs

Coach Hold Knock sb out
Bend Burn Cheer
Challenge Time Splash
Grip Give up (sth/doing sth) or give (sth) up Fight
Break a record Set a record Keep down sth
Keep sth down  

 

 

 

  • Adverbs

Last Nervously Enthusiastically