A1 Lesson 2.4 | Audio Lesson

Grammar

Prepositions of time

  • Three prepositions express time: in, on, at

Each is used for different time periods.

  • in, is used for general time periods = in the morning, in the evening, in the afternoon
  • at, is used for specific times = at 1 p.m., at 2:30 p.m., at 8: 20 a.m.
  • on, is used for days of the week = on Monday, on Tuesday, on Sundays
  • More than one can be used at once = I go to work at 8 in the morning on Monday.
  • From___to, is used for an extended, specific time periods.

I play football from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m.

He works from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

  • For, is used for an amount of time.

I work for 8 hours on Monday.

I exercise for one hour.

I read for one hour every day.

 

  • Other prepositions related to time

Before and after are prepositions that tell us about order.

Examples:

Number 1 is before number 2. Number 3 is after number 2.

I have a shower before I get dressed.

I get dressed after I have a shower.

 

To have

We use the verb to have to talk about possession.

1st person singular

I

have

2nd person singular

you

have

3rd person singular

he

she

it

has

has

has

1st person plural

we

have

2nd person plural

you

have

3rd person plural

they

have

We have a meeting at 11:30 a.m.

She has drinks with colleagues after work.

They have lunch at 12 p.m.

 

  • The verb have/has is used with certain activities:

to have a meeting

to have drinks with colleagues

to have dinner

to have breakfast

to have lunch

 

Adverbs of frequency

Adverbs provide information about a verb. Adverbs of frequency provide information about the frequency of an activity.

Frequency refers to how often something happens.

They are usually placed between the subject and the verb, but they are placed after the verb to be.

Subject + adverb + verb + ….
John usually has dinner at 8 p.m.

Subject + verb ‘to be’ + adverb + ….
Germans are usually tall.

Let’s learn the following list of adverbs of frequency:

  • never
  • hardly
  • ever
  • sometimes
  • often
  • usually
  • always

 

Paco’s schedule

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
go to work

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

have a meeting

x

x

have dinner at a restaurant

x

x

meet friends

x

x

x

x

x

watch TV

x

x

x

x

x

x

read a book

x

exercise

Paco always goes to work.

Paco sometimes has a meeting.

Paco hardly ever reads a book.

Paco never exercises.

Paco usually watches TV.

Paco often meets his friends.

Paco sometimes has dinner at a restaurant.

 

Days of the week with routines

  • To express routines, the days of the week are plural.

I play football on Mondays.

I have dinner with my family on Sundays.

I have drinks with my colleagues on Fridays.

 

Vocabulary

Transport

Airplane

Bicycle

Motor Scooter

Bus

Motorcycle

Scooter

Train

Underground

Walking

Taxi

Car

 

Adverbs of frequency

never often
hardly ever usually
sometimes always

 

Time expressions

morning/in the morning night/ at night
afternoon/in the afternoon day/ during the day
evening/ in the evening working hours

 

Routines

wake up meet friends
have breakfast/lunch/dinner/snack go to school
brush your teeth brush (your ) teeth
have a shower get dressed
go to work have a meeting
come home make dinner/lunch/breakfast
go to bed sleep

 

Prepositions

in after
from to during
before for